The terms used in this standard whose first letter is capital have the meaning defined in Table 1.


Table 1Table of terms and definitions


Term Definition
Computational cost The cost of injecting, detecting or decoding a watermark in a neural network or its inference.
Imperceptibility A difference in the performance of a neural network before and after the watermark embedding process.
Means Procedure, tools, dataset or dataset characteristics used to evaluate one or more of Computational cost, Imperceptibility, or Robustness of a neural network watermarking technology.
Modification The result of a simulated attack performed during Neural Network Watermarking testing.
Neural Network or Artificial Neural Network, a set of interconnected information processing nodes whose connections are affected by Weights.
Neural Network Watermarking The process of injecting a data payload in the Weights or the activation function of a Neural Network.
Parameter A set of values characterizing the strength of a Modification.
Payload The amount of information carried by the watermark.
Robustness The ability of a watermarked neural network to withstand the impact of modifications in terms of detection and decoding capability.
Tester The user who evaluates a neural network watermarking technology according to this Technical Specification.
Weight The value by which the connection between two nodes of a Neural Network is multiplied.

The Terms used in this standard whose first letter is capital and are not already included in Table 1 are defined in Table 2.

Table 2MPAI-wide Terms

Term Definition
Access Static or slowly changing data that are required by an application such as domain knowledge data, data models, etc.
AI Framework (AIF) The environment where AIWs are executed.
AI Module (AIM) A data processing element receiving AIM-specific Inputs and producing AIM-specific Outputs according to according to its Function. An AIM may be an aggregation of AIMs.
AI Workflow (AIW) A structured aggregation of AIMs implementing a Use Case receiving AIW-specific inputs and producing AIW-specific outputs according to the AIW Function.
Application Standard An MPAI Standard designed to enable a particular application domain.
Channel A connection between an output port of an AIM and an input port of an AIM. The term “connection” is also used as synonymous.
Communication The infrastructure that implements message passing between AIMs
Component One of the 7 AIF elements: Access, Communication, Controller, Internal Storage, Global Storage, Store, and User Agent
Conformance The attribute of an Implementation of being a correct technical Implem­entation of a Technical Specification.
Conformance Tester An entity Testing the Conformance of an Implem­entation.
Conformance Testing The normative document specifying the Means to Test the Conformance of an Implem­entation.
Conformance Testing Means Procedures, tools, data sets and/or data set characteristics to Test the Conformance of an Implem­en­tation.
Connection A channel connecting an output port of an AIM and an input port of an AIM.
Controller A Component that manages and controls the AIMs in the AIF, so that they execute in the correct order and at the time when they are needed
Data Format The standard digital representation of data.
Data Semantics The meaning of data.
Ecosystem The ensemble of actors making it possible for a User to execute an application composed of an AIF, one or more AIWs, each with one or more AIMs potentially sourced from independent implementers.
Explainability The ability to trace the output of an Implementation back to the inputs that have produced it.
Fairness The attribute of an Implementation whose extent of applicability can be assessed by making the training set and/or network open to testing for bias and unanticipated results.
Function The operations effected by an AIW or an AIM on input data.
Global Storage A Component to store data shared by AIMs.
Internal Storage A Component to store data of the individual AIMs.
Identifier A name that uniquely identifies an Implementation.
Implementation 1.     An embodiment of the MPAI-AIF Technical Specification, or

2.     An AIW or AIM of a particular Level (1-2-3) conforming with a Use Case of an MPAI Applic­ation Standard.

Implementer A legal entity implementing MPAI Technical Specifications.
ImplementerID (IID) A unique name assigned by the ImplementerID Registration Authority to an Implementer.
ImplementerID Registration Authority (IIDRA) The entity appointed by MPAI to assign ImplementerID’s to Implementers.
Interoperability The ability to functionally replace an AIM with another AIW having the same Interoperability Level
Interoperability Level The attribute of an AIW and its AIMs to be executable in an AIF Implem­en­tati­on and to:

1.     Be proprietary (Level 1)

2.     Pass the Conformance Tes­ting (Level 2) of an Applic­ation Standard

3.     Pass the Perform­ance Testing (Level 3) of an Applic­ation Standard.

Knowledge Base Structured and/or unstructured information made accessible to AIMs via MPAI-specified interfaces
Message A sequence of Records transported by Communication through Channels.
Normativity The set of attributes of a technology or a set of technologies specified by the applicable parts of an MPAI standard.
Performance The attribute of an Implementation of being Reliable, Robust, Fair and Replicable.
Performance Assessment The normative document specifying the Means to Assess the Grade of Performance of an Implementation.
Performance Assessment Means Procedures, tools, data sets and/or data set characteristics to Assess the Performance of an Implem­en­tation.
Performance Assessor An entity Assessing the Performance of an Implementation.
Profile A particular subset of the technologies used in MPAI-AIF or an AIW of an Application Standard and, where applicable, the classes, other subsets, options and parameters relevant to that subset.
Record A data structure with a specified structure
Reference Model The AIMs and theirs Connections in an AIW.
Reference Software A technically correct software implementation of a Technical Specific­ation containing source code, or source and compiled code.
Reliability The attribute of an Implementation that performs as specified by the Application Standard, profile and version the Implementation refers to, e.g., within the application scope, stated limitations, and for the period of time specified by the Implementer.
Replicability The attribute of an Implementation whose Performance, as Assessed by a Performance Assessor, can be replicated, within an agreed level, by another Performance Assessor.
Robustness The attribute of an Implementation that copes with data outside of the stated application scope with an estimated degree of confidence.
Scope The domain of applicability of an MPAI Application Standard
Service Provider An entrepreneur who offers an Implementation as a service (e.g., a recommendation service) to Users.
Standard The ensemble of Technical Specification, Reference Software, Confor­man­ce Testing and Performance Assessment of an MPAI application Standard.
Technical Specification (Framework) the normative specification of the AIF.
(Application) the normative specification of the set of AIWs belon­ging to an application domain along with the AIMs required to Im­plem­ent the AIWs that includes:
1.     The formats of the Input/Output data of the AIWs implementing the AIWs.
2.     The Connections of the AIMs of the AIW.
3.     The formats of the Input/Output data of the AIMs belonging to the AIW.
Testing Laboratory A laboratory accredited to Assess the Grade of  Performance of Implementations.
Time Base The protocol specifying how Components can access timing information
Topology The set of AIM Connections of an AIW.
Use Case A particular instance of the Application domain target of an Application Standard.
User A user of an Implementation.
User Agent The Component interfacing the user with an AIF through the Controller.
Version A revision or extension of a Standard or of one of its elements.
Zero Trust A model of cybersecurity primarily focused on data and service protection that assumes no implicit trust.