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This Chapter collects some references are organised by areas in alphabetical order, typically referenced by text in one of the preceding Chapters.

1.1        Audio

  1. ISO/IEC 23008-3:2015/Amd 3:2017 Information technology — High efficiency coding and media delivery in heterogeneous environments — Part 3: 3D audio

1.2        Blockchains

  1. Thippa Reddy Gadekallu, Thien Huynh-The, Weizheng Wang, Gokul Yenduri, Pasika Ranaweera, Quoc-Viet Pham, Daniel Benevides da Costa, Madhusanka Liyanage; Blockchain for the Metaverse: A Review

1.3        Brain Signals

  1. Catarina Teige, Giovanna Mollo, Rebecca Millman, Nicola Savill, Jonathan Smallwood, Piers L. Cornelissen, Elizabeth Jefferies; Dynamic semantic cognition: Characterising coherent and controlled conceptual retrieval through time using magnetoencephalography and chronometric transcranial magnetic stimulation; https://biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/168203v1.full.pdf

1.4        Computing

  1. Chuntao Ding, Ao Zhou, Yunxin Liu, Rong Chang, Ching Hsien Hsu; Shangguang Wang A Cloud-Edge Collaboration Framework for Cognitive Service; IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing (Volume: 10, Issue: 3, 01 July-Sept. 2022)
  2. Wenqiang Zhang, Bin Gao, Jianshi Tang, Peng Yao, Shimeng Yu, Meng-Fan Chang, Hoi-Jun Yoo, He Qian & Huaqiang Wu; Neuro-inspired computing chips; Nature Electronics volume 3, pages371–382 (2020); https://www.nature.com/articles/s41928-020-0435-7
  3. Klaus Æ. Mogensen; The End of Moore’s Law; https://farsight.cifs.dk/are-we-at-the-end-of-moores-law/
  4. Chris Lee; The future of high-speed computing may be larger CPUs with optics; Ars Technica; 2019/04/19; https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/04/the-future-of-high-speed-computing-may-be-larger-cpus-with-optics/
  5. Universal Chiplet Interconnect Express™; https://www.uciexpress.org/why-choose-us
  6. Klaus Æ. Mogensen; The End of Moore’s Law; https://farsight.cifs.dk/are-we-at-the-end-of-moores-law/
  7. Chris Lee; The future of high-speed computing may be larger CPUs with optics; Ars Technica; 2019/04/19; https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/04/the-future-of-high-speed-computing-may-be-larger-cpus-with-optics/
  8. Universal Chiplet Interconnect Express™; https://www.uciexpress.org/why-choose-us

1.5        Content Creation

  1. Richard Florida; Exploring the Potential of the Creator Economy; Meta; 2022/11/01; https://about.fb.com/news/2022/11/exploring-the-potential-of-the-creator-economy/
  2. Malcolm Harris; The Rise of Influencer Capital; 2022/11/11; https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2022/11/the-rise-of-influencer-capital.html

1.6        Energy

  1. Karen Hao; Training a single AI model can emit as much carbon as five cars in their lifetimes; MIT Technology Review; 2019/06/06: https://www.technologyreview.com/2019/06/06/239031/training-a-single-ai-model-can-emit-as-much-carbon-as-five-cars-in-their-lifetimes/
  2. Kyle Wiggers; The environmental impact of the metaverse; VentureBeat; 2022/01/26; https://venturebeat.com/data-infrastructure/the-environmental-impact-of-the-metaverse/
  3. Hannah Ritchie and Max Roser; Energy Production and Consumption; Our World in Data; https://ourworldindata.org/energy-production-consumption
  4. Key World Energy Statistics 2021; International Energy Agency; https://iea.blob.core.windows.net/assets/52f66a88-0b63-4ad2-94a5-29d36e864b82/KeyWorldEnergyStatistics2021.pdf
  5. Steven Keeping; The Future of Portable Power; Mouser Electronics; https://www.mouser.it/applications/future-of-portable-power/
  6. Nicola Jones; How to stop data centres from gobbling up the world’s electricity; Nature; 2018/09/12; https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06610-y
  7. Digitalization &Energy; International Energy Agency; https://iea.blob.core.windows.net/assets/b1e6600c-4e40-4d9c-809d-1d1724c763d5/DigitalizationandEnergy3.pdf
  8. Joshua Aslan, Kieren Mayers, Jonathan G. Koomey, and Chris France; Electricity Intensity of Internet Data Transmission; Journal of Industrial Ecology; 2016?; https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/jiec.12630
  9. Michael Peeters; Five Disruptive Features of Tomorrow’s 6G Networks; 2021/04/09; https://www.networkcomputing.com/wireless-infrastructure/five-disruptive-features-tomorrow%E2%80%99s-6g-networks
  10. Malgorzata Wiatros-Motyka; EMBER Global Electricity Mid-Year Insights 2022; 2022/10/05; https://ember-climate.org/insights/research/global-electricity-mid-year-insights-2022/
  11. Adam Vaughan; How viral cat videos are warming the planet; The Guardian; 2015/09/25; https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/sep/25/server-data-centre-emissions-air-travel-web-google-facebook-greenhouse-gas
  12. About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program; https://www.energy.gov/eere/buildings/about-commercial-buildings-integration-program
  13. Electricity consumption; https://www.iea.org/reports/electricity-information-overview/electricity-consumption
  14. Energy Statistics Data Browser; IEA; 2020; https://www.iea.org/data-and-statistics/data-tools/energy-statistics-data-browser
  15. Cisco Visual Networking Index Predicts Global Annual IP Traffic to Exceed Three Zettabytes by 2021; 2016; https://newsroom.cisco.com/c/r/newsroom/en/us/a/y2017/m06/cisco-visual-networking-index-predicts-global-annual-ip-traffic-to-exceed-three-zettabytes-by-2021.html
  16. Lean ICT: Towards Digital Sobriety; The Shift Project; 2017; https://theshiftproject.org/en/article/lean-ict-our-new-report/
  17. Data Centres and Data Transmission Networks; IEA; 2022/09’https://www.iea.org/reports/data-centres-and-data-transmission-networks.

1.7        Law

  1. Intellectual Property in the Metaverse. Episode IV: Copyright; https://intellectual-property-helpdesk.ec.europa.eu/news-events/news/intellectual-property-metaverse-episode-iv-copyright-2022-06-30_en
  2. Legal Questions About Metaverse – Free Speech, IP, Economics; opennet; 2022/08/12; http://www.opennetkorea.org/en/wp/3707
  3. Turn K. Ara et al.; Exploring the metaverse: What laws will apply?; DLA Piper; 2022/06/22; https://www.dlapiper.com/en/us/insights/publications/2022/06/exploring-the-metaverse-ipt-news-june-2022/
  4. Rahul Hingmire; The metaverse and legal frameworks around it; 2022/07/26; https://www.forbesindia.com/blog/legalese/the-metaverse-and-legal-frameworks-around-it/

1.8        Metaverse Models

  1. Christian Timmerer, Jean Gelissen, Markus Waltl, Hermann Hellwagner; Interfacing with Virtual Worlds; https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228415114_Interfacing_with_virtual_worlds/download
  2. ISO/IEC 23005-1:2020 Information technology – Media context and control – Part 1: Architecture.

1.9        MPAI

  1. MPAI; Technical Specification: Artificial Intelligence Framework (MPAI-AIF) V1.1; https://mpai.community/standards/resources/#AIF. Also available as IEEE Standard 3301-2022.
  2. Technical Specification – Context-based Audio Enhancement (MPAI-CAE) V1.4; https://mpai.community/standards/resources/#CAE. Also available as IEEE Standard 3302-2022.
  3. Technical Specification – Compression and Understanding of Industrial Data (MPAI-CUI) V1.1; https://mpai.community/standards/resources/#CUI.
  4. MPAI; Technical Specification: The Governance of the MPAI Ecosystem V1, 2021; https://mpai.community/standards/resources/#GME.
  5. Technical Specification – Multimodal Conversation (MPAI-MMC) V1.2; https://mpai.community/standards/resources/#MMC Also available as IEEE Standard 3300-2022.
  6. MPAI; Connected Autonomous Vehicles (CAV); https://mpai.community/standards/mpai-cav/

1.10    Network

  1. Network 2030 – A Blueprint of Technology, Applications and Market Drivers Towards the Year 2030 and Beyond; ITU-T; https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/focusgroups/net2030/Documents/White_Paper.pdf
  2. Industry Specification Group (Isg) Fifth Generation Fixed Network (F5G); ETSI; https://www.etsi.org/committee/1696-f5g

1.11    Privacy

  1. Victor Dey; Data Privacy In Metaverse Is An Evolving Concern; https://martechvibe.com/martech/data-privacy-in-metaverse-is-an-evolving-concern/
  2. The Metaverse: The evolution of a universal digital platform; https://www.nortonrosefulbright.com/en-us/knowledge/publications/5cd471a1/the-metaverse-the-evolution-of-a-universal-digital-platform#section2
  3. Louis B. Rosenberg; Regulating the Metaverse, a Blueprint for the Future; in L. T. De Paolis et al. (Eds.): XR Salento 2022, LNCS 13445, pp. 1–10, 2022; https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-15546-8_23
  4. Lee, Lik-Hang, et al. “All one needs to know about metaverse: A complete survey on techno-logical singularity, virtual ecosystem, and research agenda.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2110.05352 (2021).
  5. Gadekallu, T. R., Huynh-The, T., Wang, W., Yenduri, G., Ranaweera, P., Pham, Q. V., … & Li-yanage, M. (2022). Blockchain for the Metaverse: A Review. arXiv preprint arXiv:2203.09738.
  6. Yuntao Wang, Zhou Su, Ning Zhang, Dongxiao Liu, Rui Xing, Tom H. Luan, Xuemin Shen:

A Survey on Metaverse: Fundamentals, Security, and Privacy. CoRR abs/2203.02662 (2022)

  1. Fuller, Z. Fan, C. Day and C. Barlow, “Digital Twin: Enabling Technologies, Challenges and Open Research,” in IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 108952-108971, 2020, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2998358.
  2. Magargle, L. Johnson, P. Mandloi, P. Davoudabadi, O. Kesarkar, S. Krishnaswamy, J. Batteh, and A. Pitchaikani, ‘‘A simulation-based digital twin for model-driven health monitoring and predictive maintenance of an automotive braking system,’’ in Proc. 12th Int. Modelica Conf., Prague, Czech Republic, Jul. 2017, pp. 35–46.
  3. Atlas, Stephen A. “Inductive metanomics: Economic experiments in virtual worlds.” Journal For Virtual Worlds Research 1.1 (2008).
  4. Gawron, Magdalena, and Artur Strzelecki. “Consumers’ Adoption and Use of E-Currencies in Virtual Markets in the Context of an Online Game.” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research 16.5 (2021): 1266-1279.
  5. McCaffrey, Matthew. “The Economic Meaning of Play.” The Invisible Hand in Virtual Worlds: The Economic Order of Video Games (2021): 10.
  6. Goldberg, Mitchell and Kugler, Peter and Schär, Fabian, Land Valuation in the Metaverse: Lo-cation Matters (September 29, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3932189 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3932189
  7. The XRSI privacy framework; version 1.0; 2020/09; https://aboutblaw.com/4Bo

1.12    Smell

  1. Jennifer Michalowski; Artificial networks learn to smell like the brain; https://news.mit.edu/2021/artificial-networks-learn-smell-like-the-brain-1018; 2021 October 18.
  2. Smell 3D models; https://www.cgtrader.com/3d-models/smell
  3. Takamichi Nakamoto (Ed.); Essentials of Machine Olfaction and Taste; 2016/04; Wiley.

1.13    Taste

  1. Natashah Hitti; Norimaki Synthesizer device uses electrically charged gel to simulate different flavours; https://www.dezeen.com/2020/05/28/norimaki-synthesizer-device-taste-technology/#; 2020/05/28.
  2. Homei Miyashita; Taste Display that Reproduces Tastes Measured by a Taste Sensor; 2020/10; https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3379337.3415852

1.14    Terminology

  1. ISO 18825-1:2016 “Clothing – Digital fittings – Part 1: Vocabulary and terminology used for the virtual human body”.
  2. ISO 18825-2:2016 “Clothing – Digital fittings – Part 2: Vocabulary and terminology used for attributes of the virtual human body”.
  3. ISO/IEC AWI 30173 Digital Twin – Concepts and terminology.

1.15    Touch

  1. Tom Kevan; Giving Machines the Sense of Touch; https://www.digitalengineering247.com/article/giving-machines-the-sense-of-touch/; 2019 January 1
  2. Emily Velasco; Artificial Skin Gives Robots Sense of Touch and Beyond; https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/artificial-skin-gives-robots-sense-of-touch-and-beyond; 2022 June 1
  3. Minglu Zhu, Zhongda Sun, Zixuan Zhang, Qiongfeng Shi, Tianyiyi He, Huicong Liu, Tao Chen, Chengkuo Lee; Haptic-feedback smart glove as a creative human-machine interface (HMI) for virtual/augmented reality applications; https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.aaz8693; 2020 Mat 20.
  4. Tactile Sensors; http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Tactile_Sensors
  5. Shogo Okamoto, Hikaru Nagano, Yoji Yamada; Psychophysical dimensions of tactile perception of textures; 2013/01-03; https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24808270/
  6. https://engineeringproductdesign.com/knowledge-base/haptic-actuators/


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